Enabling School Structure (ESS)

1. Administrative rules in this school enable authentic communication between teachers and administrators.
2. In this school red tape is problem.
3. The administrative hierarchy of this school enables teachers to do their job.
4. The administrative hierarchy obstructs student achievement.
5. Administrative rules help rather than hinder.
6. The administrative hierarchy of this school facilitates the mission of this school.
7. Administrative rules in this school are used to punish teachers.
8. The administrative hierarchy of this school obstructs innovation.
9. Administrative rules in this school are substitutes for professional judgment.
10. Administrative rules in this school are guides to solutions rather than rigid procedures.
11. In this school the authority of the principal is used to undermine teachers.
12. The administrators in this school use their authority to enable teachers to do their job 
.
 
1=Never‚ 2= Once
in
a
while‚ 3= Sometimes‚ 4= Fairly
Often‚ 5= Always
Reverse score items 2‚ 4‚ 7‚ 8‚ 9‚ and 11
Standard Score for Enabling Structure = [100*(ESS-3.74)/.381] +500
 
This instrument can be found at: http://www.waynekhoy.com/pdfs/form-ess.pdf      
 

Hoy‚ W. K. & Sweetland‚ S. R. (2000). School bureaucracies that work: Enabling‚ not coercive. Journal of School Leadership‚ 10‚ 524-541.

Hoy‚ W. K. & Sweetland‚ S. R. (2001). Designing better schools; The meaning and measure of enabling school structures. Educational Administrative Quarterly‚ 37‚ 296-321.