Causal Dimension Scale II

Instructions: Think about the reason or reasons you have written above. The items below concern your impressions or opinions of this cause or causes of your performance.
 Circle one number for each of the following questions.
 Is this cause(s) something:
1. That reflects an aspect of yourself
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
reflects an aspect of the situation
2. Manageable by you
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
not manageable by you
3. Permanent
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
temporary
4. You can regulate
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
you cannot regulate 
5. Over which others have control
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
over which others have no control
6. Onside of you
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
outside of you
7. Stable over time
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
variable over time
8. Under the power of other people
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
not under the power of other people
9. Something about you
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
something about others
10. Over which you have power
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
over which you have no power
11. Unchangeable
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
changeable
12. Other people can regulate
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
other people cannot regulate
 
Scoring: The total scores for each dimension are obtained by summing the items‚ as follows: 1‚6‚9 = locus of causality; 5‚ 8‚ 12 = external control; 3‚ 7‚ 11 = stability; 2‚ 4‚ 10 = personal control.

 McAuley‚ E.‚ Duncan‚ T.‚ & Russell‚ D. (1992). Measuring causal attributions: The revised Causal Dimension Scale (CDSII). Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin‚ 18‚ 566-573.

 
Causal Dimension Scale
The Causal Dimension Scale: A Measure of How Individuals Perceive Causes
Dan Russell (1980)
College of Medicine‚ University of Iowa
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1982‚ Vol. 42‚ No. 6‚ 1137-1145
Causal Dimension Scale
Instructions: Think about the reason or reasons you have written above. The items below concern your impressions or opinions of this cause or causes of your outcome. Circle one number for each of the following scales.
1. Is the cause(s) something that:
That reflects an aspect of yourself
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
reflects an aspect of the situation
2. Is the cause(s):
Controllable by you or other people
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Uncontrollable by you or other people
3. Is the cause(s) something that is:
Permanent
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
temporary
4. Is the cause(s) something:
Intended by you or other people
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Unintended by you or other people
5. Is the cause(s) something that is:
Onside of you
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Inside of you
6. Is the cause(s) something that is:
Variable over time
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Stable over time
7. Is the cause(s):
Something about you
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Something about others
8. Is the cause(s) something that is:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Changeable
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Unchanging
9. Is the cause(s) something for which:
No one is responsible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Someone is responsible
Note. A total score for each of the three subscales is arrived at by summing the responses to the individual items as follows: (1) locus of causality—Items 1‚ 5‚ and 7; (2) stability—Items 3‚ 6‚ and 8; (3) controllability—Items 2‚4‚ and 9. High scores on these subscales indicate that the cause is perceived as internal‚ stable‚ and controllable.

Dan Russell (1980). A Measure of How Individuals Perceive Causes. College of Medicine‚ University of Iowa .