Binge Eating Scale (BES)

1.     
·         I do not think about my weight or size when I’m around other people.
·         I worry about my appearance‚ but it does not make me unhappy.
·         I think about my appearance or weight and I feel disappointed in myself.
·         I frequently think about my weight and feel great shame and disgust.
2.     
·          I have no difficulty eating slowly.
·          I may eat quickly‚ but I never feel too full.
·          Sometimes after I eat fast I feel too full.
·          Usually I swallow my food almost without chewing‚ then feel as if I ate too much.
3.     
·          I can control my impulses towards food.
·          I think I have less control over food than the average person.
·          I feel totally unable to control my impulses toward food.
·          I feel totally unable to control my relationship with food and I try desperately to fight my impulses toward food.
4.     
·          I do not have a habit of eating when I am bored.
·          Sometimes I eat when I am bored‚ but I can often distract myself and not think about food.
·          I often eat when I am bored‚ but I can sometimes distract myself and not think about food.
·          I have a habit of eating when I am bored and nothing can stop me.
5.     
·          Usually when I eat it is because I am hungry.
·          Sometimes I eat on impulse without really being hungry.
·          I often eat to satisfy hunger even when I know I’ve already eaten enough. On these occasions I can’t even enjoy what I eat.
·          Although I have not physically hungry‚ I feel the need to put something in my mouth and I feel satisfied or only when I can fill my mouth (for example with a piece of bread).
6.    After eating too much:
·          I do not feel guilty or regretful at all.
·          I sometimes feel guilty or regretful.
·          I almost always feel a strong sense of guilt or regret.
7.     
·          When I’m on a diet‚ I never completely lose control of food‚ even in times when I eat too much.
·          When I eat a forbidden food on a diet‚ I think I’ve failed and eat even more.
·          When I’m on a diet and I eat to much‚ I think I’ve failed and eat even more.
·          I am always either binge eating or fasting.
8.     
·          It is rare that I eat so much that I felt uncomfortably full.
·          About once a month I eat so much that I felt uncomfortably full.
·          There are regular periods during the month when I eat large amounts of food at meals or between meals.
·          I eat so much that usually‚ after eating‚ I feel pretty bad and I have nausea.
9.     
·          The amount of calories that I consume is fairly constant over time.
·          Sometimes after I eat too much‚ I try to consume few calories to make up for the previous meal.
·          I have a habit of eating too much at night. Usually I’m not hungry in the morning and at night I eat too much.
·          I have periods of about a week in which I imposed starvation diets‚ following periods of when I ate too much. My life is made of binges and fasts.
10. 
·          I can usually stop eating when I decide I’ve had enough.
·          Sometimes I feel an urge to eat that I cannot control.
·          I often feel impulses to eat so strong that I cannot win‚ but sometimes I can control myself.
·          I feel totally unable to control my impulses to eat.
11. 
·          I have no problems stopping eating when I am full.
·          I can usually stop eating when I feel full‚ but sometimes I eat so much it feels unpleasant.
·          It is hard for me to stop eating once I start‚ I usually end up feeling too full.
·          It is a real problem for me to stop eating and sometimes I vomit because I feel so full.
12. 
·          I eat the same around friends and family as I do when I am alone.
·          Sometimes I do not eat what I want around others because I am aware of my problems with food.
·          I often eat little around other people because I feel embarrassed.
·          I’m so ashamed of overeating; I only eat at times when no one sees me. I eat in secret.
13. 
·          I eat three meals a day and occasionally a snack.
·          I eat three meals a day and I usually snack as well.
·          I eat many meals‚ or skip meals regularly.
·          There are times when I seem to eat continuously without regular meals.
14. 
·          I don’t think about impulses to eat very much.
·          Sometimes my mind is occupied with thoughts of how to control the urge to eat.
·          I often spend much time thinking about what I ate or how not to eat.
·          My mind is busy most of the time with thoughts about eating.
·          I seem to be constantly fighting not to eat.
15. 
·          I don’t think about food any more than most people.
·          I have strong desires for food‚ but only for short periods.
·          There are some days when I think of nothing but food.
·          Most of my days is filled with thoughts of food. I feel like I live to eat.
16. 
·          I usually know if I am hungry or not. I know what portion sizes are appropriate.
·          Sometimes I do not know if I am physically hungry or not. In these moments‚ I can hardly understand how much food is appropriate.
·          Even if I knew how many calories should I eat‚ I would not have a clear idea of what is‚ for me‚ a normal amount of food.
 
This instrument can be found at: https://psychology-tools.com/
 
Non-binging; less than 17
Moderate binging; 18-26
Severe binging; 27 and greater
 

Gormally‚ J; Black‚ S; Daston‚ S; Rardin‚ D (1982). “The assessment of binge eating severity among obese persons”. Addictive behaviors 7 (1): 47–55

Dezhkam. Mahmood‚ Moloodi. Reza‚ Mootabi. Fereshteh‚ Omidvar. Nasrin‚. (2009). Standardization of the Binge Eating Scale among Iranian Obese Population.  Iran J Psychiatry 2009; 4:143-146